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The Structure of a Successful Essay

Writing a successful academic essay is an art of summarizing of a coherent set of ideas into a specific argument. Most of the essays present their ideas consequently, and they must present them in the logical order to make sense to the readers. If the essay is successfully structured, it will be in alignment with the reader’s logic.

There are general guidelines for constructing certain types of essays. If you want to see practical examples, you may use the help of the website that writes essays for you.

The Basic Parts of an Essay: Answering the Questions

A typical essay usually contains specialized sections. They include the introduction, analysis or body, and conclusion.

However, it's also helpful to think of constructing the different essay parts as answering a number of questions that your reader may want to ask after being familiarized with your thesis.

"What?"  This is the first question to expect from your reader. What evidence proves that your claim is true? The answer should demonstrate the truth of the phenomenon represented by your thesis.  

"How?"  Another thing you should explain to your reader is how your thesis faces a counterargument. Your reader might be interested in whether or not your claims are true in all cases.

"Why?"  The answer to this question is supposed to reveal why your claim should matter to other people. The question helps a reader understand your essay in a larger context.

Mapping an Essay

You should structure your essay in a way that anticipates what your readers need to know and follow their logic. A reader should be able to follow your argument as it unfolds. It can be obtained by mapping your essay’s ideas through a written narrative.

By making an essay map, you will determine where exactly the reader expects to see each section of your essay, including background information, argument and counterargument, analysis of the primary and secondary sources.  

Your map may look, as follows:

  • State your thesis, and then explain why you believe it is important. Tell your readers what they might learn by researching your claim with you. Here you will be presenting your answer to the "why" question.

  • With your next sentence, you should start making the most important points that support your claim and also start providing the evidence. It will be a beginning of your answer to the "what" question.

  • Each of your following sentences should tell your readers which are the next things they need to know. You should also explain why these aspects are important and prove your points with some evidence. Continue doing so until the entire essay is mapped out.

As a result, you will receive a map that would provide preliminary answers to the main questions: what, how, and why.

Signs of Trouble

Many college essays have a common structural flaw: they are created in the form of a summary or description rather than argumentation. Such essays do not establish their own structure, but rather follow the structure of the used sources.

The signs of a descriptive essay are usually the so-called "time" words used as paragraph openers, for example, "then," "after," "next," and "first." Such words can witness that the essay just restates the chronology of the text from a specific source. Although these words do not necessarily signal a problem, they usually indicate that the essay structure may need additional work.

There are lots of techniques how to create an effective structure of your essay. If you learn the theoretical part and practice a lot, each of your further essays will be better than the previous one. However, you can also use the help of the website that writes essays for you. It will save you much time and give great examples of the professionally written essays.


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